Learning and Development Journeys

The Learning and Development requirements include the Early Learning Goals covered by seven areas, “Personal, Social and Emotional“, “Communication and Language“, “Literacy“, “Mathematics“, “Understanding The World“, “Physical development” and “Expressive Arts and Design“.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

This area of children’s development covers:

  • having a positive approach to learning and finding out about the world around them
  • having confidence in themselves and their ability to do things, and valuing their own achievements
  • being able to get on, work and make friendships with other people, both children and adults
  • becoming aware of – and being able to keep to – the rules which we all need to help us to look after ourselves, other people and our environment
  • being able to dress and undress themselves, and look after their personal hygiene needs
  • being able to expect to have their ways of doing things respected and to respect other people’s ways of doing things

Communication and Language

This area of children’s development covers:

  • being able to use conversation with one other person, in small groups and in large groups to talk with and listen to others
  • adding to their vocabulary by learning the meaning of – and being able to use – new words
  • being able to use words to describe their experiences
  • getting to know the sounds and letters that make up the words we use

Literacy

This area of children’s development covers:

  • listening to – and talking about – stories
  • knowing how to handle books and that they can be a source of stories and information
  • knowing the purposes for which we use writing
  • making their own attempts at writing

Mathematics

This area of children’s development covers:

  • building up ideas about how many, how much, how far and how big
  • building up ideas about patterns, the shape of objects and parts of objects, and the amount of space taken up by objects
  • starting to understand that numbers help us to answer questions about how many, how much, how far and how big
  • building up ideas about how to use counting to find out how many
  • being introduced to finding the result of adding more or taking away from the amount we already have

Understanding the world

This area of children’s development covers:

  • finding out about the natural world and how it works
  • finding out about the made world and how it works
  • learning how to choose – and use – the right tool for a task
  • learning about computers, how to use them and what they can help us to do
  • starting to put together ideas about past and present and the links between them
  • beginning to learn about their locality and its special features
  • learning about their own and other cultures

Physical Development

This area of children’s development covers:

  • gaining control over the large movements that they can make with their arms, legs and bodies, so that they can run, jump, hop, skip, roll, climb, balance and lift
  • gaining control over the small movements they can make with their arms, wrists and hands, so that they can pick up and use objects, tools and materials
  • learning about the importance of – and how to look after – their bodies

Expressive Arts and Design

This area of children’s development covers:

  • using paint, materials, music, dance, words, stories and role-play to express their ideas and feelings
  • becoming interested in the way that paint, materials, music, dance, words, stories and role-play can be used to express ideas and feelings